CHOOSING THE RIGHT SHIP
Hudson continues to grow its fleet, both in numbers and vessel size, by capitalizing on available market tonnage and advantageous new-build pricing. With this progressive approach, Hudson employs a variety of vessel types in its dry cargo fleet, ensuring adaptability to each project.
The Kamsarmax was designed to meet specified requirements which make it the largest vessel that can enter the bauxite port, Port Kamsar in the Republic of Guinea. Generally larger than 80,000 metric tons deadweight, these vessels are often considered a sub-set of the "Panamax" family which would fall under Post-Panamax category. The Kamsarmax can navigate the Panama Canal (thus landing it in the Panamax family) and can do so just as efficiently as its smaller cousin, the Panamax. Kamsarmax vessels carry mostly agricultural products, coal, cement, iron ore or fertilizers. Hudson has been successfully utilizing Kamsarmaxes in almost every trade where even other Panamaxes cannot load, especially in parcel trades.
The Panamax received its moniker due to its ability to accommodate passage through the Panama Canal, at its maximum size, as determined by the original dimensions of the canal's lock chambers. A Panamax cargo ship will typically have a deadweight between 72,000 and 78,000 metric tons. Due to the increased amount of commercial traffic and expansion of ports around the globe, Panamax vessels have seen great success with their flexibility allowing for transit of both the Panama and Suez Canals.
Supramax vessels typically run between 52,000 to 59,000 metric tons deadweight. Supramaxes are generally purposed for medium to large ports/berths that may not be able to accommodate a larger vessel due to length or draft restrictions, as well as those that lack transshipment infrastructure. The Supramax can call up river easier than its big brother, the Panamax, and is generally considered to be more agile, allowing access to tighter spaces. Some Supramaxes are geared, allowing use in line with Hudson's COST© principles.
The Handymax vessel class is generally considered to be a bulk carrier with a capacity between 35,000 and 50,000 metric tons deadweight. Handymaxes are better suited for smaller ports with more severe restrictions. Often considered the workhorse of the dry bulk market, these vessels are built to call berths which require a sub-200m overall length. Though smaller than other vessels, the Handymax is often more efficient at sea, using less fuel to travel an equal distance, giving it an advantage when smaller cargo totals require movement.